Bridge the barrier with your voice, eye contact and visual aids
Introduction – qualities of a good speaker
The structure of a formal speech
Explain the verbal and non-verbal cues which can help you present your ideas clearly to the audience
Practice Tasks – Each student in the group has to given a 5-minute impromptu speech
Rundown of the workshop
What sort of presentations do you need to do?
Present your projects/assignments
Job Interview – impromptu presentations; group discussion skills
Seminars and conferences
Oral defense of your thesis
Types of speeches
Basic rules in presentation
The 3 Vs = Vocal (voice), Visual and verbal (language, i.e. content)
Maintain good eye contact , use some gestures , have some facial expressions (but don ’ t overdo it), proper dress code , eliminate the “ ums ” & “ ahs ” , have voice & vocal variety (avoid using a monotone)
Take a deep breath to relax yourself
8 ways to draw the attention of the audience
Use visual aids
Ask a question
Let the audience do a task
Use gimmicks (unusual act)
Vary your tone or pitch
Practice Form groups of 5 Each group picks a topic Discuss for 5 minutes The group gives a short impromptu presentation **Other groups comment on their performance and ask questions (1-2 minutes)
Maintain good eye contact with the audience;
Pause when you come across an important point
Link up the points systematically
Have an introduction, a body & a conclusion
Use grammatical language with the right tone
Apply the skills from the video to your presentation
Prepare your speech
Find a topic
Do research to gather data
Put the information and data into a speech format
Use a 3-tier structure: Introduction, body and conclusion & recommendation
Q & A session
When preparing the speech, you should have your audience in mind .
Find out the background of the audience
What types of work do your listeners do?
The purpose of the presentation
Common interests among the members
Be Prepared To Speak
Write out the first draft
Rehearse it – record your speech and then listen to it
A good speech should target at a specific audience and it should have a goal .
2. KNOW THE OCCASION
Is the occasion solemn, formal, or casual?
Does the audience hope to be informed, entertained, or inspired ? Or do they hope for some combination of the three?
How long does the program chairman expect the speech to be?
3. KNOW YOUR SPEAKING ENVIRONMENT
The size of the room
Furniture – such as table, lectern
Audio-visual equipment – computer for powerpoint presentation, screen, overhead projector, whiteboard etc.
4. PIN DOWN YOUR TOPIC
What information do you have that would give most benefits to the group members?
What does the group expect to hear from you?
Is your purpose to inform, persuade, entertain, or inspire ? Or is it a combination of all the above?
5. Prepare an interesting introduction to capture attention
Have you included stories, examples, anecdotes, illustrations, and factual evidence ?
Have you included illustrations from your personal experience ?
Attract your audience
Have you assembled the necessary facts and statistics to make your case convincing?
Are all your facts and statistics accurate and current?
Check the sources of the information
Write the rough draft
Can your introduction grab your audience ’ s attention?
Does your introduction include a clear statement of your point of view?
Is the language clear and vivid enough to assure your audience that the speech is easy to follow?
Write the draft
8. Keep the note cards/ Rehearse
Make your notes easy to read, with big lettering and plenty of open space
9. Practice Practice varying your eye contact among four or five locations Exaggerate variations in the pitch, rate, and volume of your voice during the practice session.
10. Be calm and be in control
Find out from the audience ’ s responses whether they can follow your presentation through asking a few questions
The Q & A session
Control your Nervousness
The discussion session should concentrate on developing a few points clearly and precisely
Use anecdotes, stories, humorous observations, or illustrations to help your audience visualize the meaning of the facts and statistics.
Cue your audience that your conclusion is forthcoming
State clearly and explicitly exactly what actions you would like the listeners to take.